Vision and Sports

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Eye Exams and Sports Participation

For decades athletes have been screened for possible health conditions in preparation for participation in school sports. Yet far too often, eye exams are not part of the typical pre-participation physical examination (PPE).

The goal of the PPE is to detect conditions that might predispose the athlete to injury or physical harm during competition. Tests within the PPE include checking things such as blood pressure, physical health and most recently, any history of concussions. Likewise, an eye exam can uncover any vision defects and ocular issues that might increase an athlete’s risk for eye injury.

Athletes and their families with a history of eye disorders or diseases are at a heightened risk for serious injury. Athletes whose best-corrected acuity is less than 20/40 in one eye (referred to as one-eyed athletes) should always wear sports eye protectors to decrease the risk of eye damage during games and practices.

Sports and Protective Eyewear

According to Prevent Blindness America, more than 40,000 sports-related eye injuries per year are treated at emergency rooms. And it’s not just football, hockey, lacrosse, and baseball that demand protection – almost any sport you can imagine can cause eye injuries. Many fitness and athletic clubs now require participants to wear proper eye gear.

Fortunately, coaches and parents are realizing how vital protective eyewear can be. Not only does it reduce the risk of eye damage, it enhances the player’s performance because they can see better. Protective eyewear is no longer resisted like it used to be; like bike helmets, sports goggles are an accepted part of everyday life and even implies the player “means business” on the playing field.

Consult with your eye doctor for their advice on protective eyewear and options available.

Eye Exams and Sports Participation

For quite a long time competitors have been screened for conceivable wellbeing conditions in an arrangement for support in school sports. However awfully regularly, eye exams are not some portion of the ordinary pre-support physical examination (PPE).

The objective of the PPE is to identify conditions that may incline the competitor to damage or physical mischief amid rivalry. Tests inside the PPE incorporate checking things, for example, circulatory strain, physical wellbeing and most as of late, any history of blackouts. Similarly, an eye exam can reveal any vision imperfections and visual issues that may build a competitor’s hazard for eye damage.

Competitors and their families with a past filled with eye issue or illnesses are at an increased hazard for genuine damage. Competitors whose best amended sharpness is under 20/40 out of one eye (alluded to as one-peered toward competitors) ought to dependably wear sports eye defenders to diminish the danger of eye harm amid diversions and practices.

Better Vision for Football Players

Almost every high school in America has those famous Friday night football games throughout the fall. We even center the social event of homecoming on it. But, partying and celebration aside, football is a tough and competitive sport. It is rather complex too. It requires players to not only be physically capable but mentally prepared.

Some players need to be better at passing, others catching, some tackling and a few at kicking. Since not all players need to have the same skills, it makes this sport unique. A small player can come on to the team and excel at being a punter when he would not be as successful as a defensive lineman.

A good football player needs to be athletic, focused, and have good vision. Yes, eyesight. It not only makes the player more competitive by being able to know what he should be doing or knows what is going on around him, but it also helps in the prevention of injuries. A player can improve their vision skills by doing eye exercises, but different exercises help your eyes in different ways.

As stated before, different positions require different skills, this includes vision skills. A quarterback needs to have the greatest vision skills. He needs good depth perception, tracking, hand-eye coordination and peripheral awareness. A receiver needs to have good tracking, depth perception, and peripheral awareness. Linebackers and running backs are both players who need exceptional peripheral awareness. A kicker or punter needs strong depth perception and flawless hand-eye coordination.

Depth Perception

Depth perception is the ability to judge the location of an object in relationship to its distance to other objects. For a football player, that would mean knowing how far the player is that they are throwing a ball to or where a ball is going after another player has thrown it. To improve depth perception, a player can try bouncing small balls (like ping pong balls) into cups spread out at different distances over the floor. This may seem extremely simple, but it really works, plus it’s super fun!


Tracking allows the player to follow the movement of the ball or other players around the field. An effective football player knows where the ball is at all times in relationship to him and other players. An exercise you can do to make your tracking better is to sit in a dark room and have a friend shine a flashlight on the wall. Have your friend move the flashlight beam across the wall in different patterns. You should keep your head still and follow the beam of light only with your eyes.

Hand-eye Coordination

Hand-eye coordination is key in almost every sport. It is the ability to match the movements of your body to meet the demands of what you are seeing. It can also be more refined. If your is eye looking at a small hole and your hands need to put a smaller cylinder into the hole, you must coordinate the movement of your hands to meet the perception of what your eyes have just seen.

To improve your hand-eye coordination, you can do an exercise like bouncing a ball on a racquet. To do this, get a racquet like a ping-pong or tennis racquet. Hold it so the face of the racquet faces the sky. Try to bounce the ball into the air about 12 inches high using the racquet. The goal is to increase the number of times you can bounce the ball off the face of the racquet without missing it.

Peripheral Awareness

Peripheral awareness is the ability to see action that is not in your direct line of sight. This skill is especially important for football players because the nature of the game includes tackles. I don’t know about you, but if it were me, I would do everything in my power to avoid the big, scary guy charging at me from the side.

It is easier to avoid tackles or lessen the blow of a tackle if you can prepare your body for the blow. Peripheral awareness is key to seeing a tackle coming your way. Almost every player on the field has to have good peripheral awareness with the exception the kicker/punter. It is a good skill for them to have but is less necessary than for other positions.

To increase your level of peripheral awareness, try the exercise Two Ball Juggle. Exactly as it sounds, it requires you to juggle two balls. The object of the exercise is to look straight ahead at a wall while juggling the two balls back and forth between your hands. This is also a good exercise for hand-eye coordination.